A new education and language rule started by the Conservative government in 2014 has caused a decrease in the number of permanent residency visas issued to migrant caregivers. It is already difficult for them to get permanent residency because they are stringent rules, but with the added ones, the count has gone further below. In 2014, the former Conservative government added two conditions. The migrant caregiver should have at least one post-secondary diploma and should give a language proficiency test. Also, the application fees were increased to CAD 1,000. The Immigration Department data revealed that only 555 out of 2,730 applicant caregivers issued permanent residency post-November 2014. Between 2006 and November 2014, around 8,000 caregivers were issued permanent residency. Many caregivers take up post-secondary diploma courses and attend college for learning the English language, but find it very difficult to manage study and work. Canada is suffering from an aging crisis, which makes caregivers an essential part of the government. After the Liberal government took over in 2015, they didn't do much about improving the rules for migrant caregivers. Most of the caregivers who come to Canada through recruitment agencies are unaware of these rules, and they come to know about them only after fulfilling the first condition. They have to live-in with the family for two years. Costs a lot of money Apart from causing an excessive amount of stress, applying for a course and giving a language test costs them a lot of money. Maritess Antonio from the Philippines paid over $6,000 to a recruitment agency back home to get her a job in Canada. The new rules were a shock to her, but she decided to study. The 37-year old earn as little as $12.5 an hour full time and since she had a work permit, Antonio had to pay college fees as an international student.

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