The Canadian Government has provided new data which shows that the number of Invitations to apply for Permanent Residence sent out this year to applicants with provincial nominations have increased.
Between January and September, 12% of all the 62,500 (about 7,500) applicants who received invitations to apply for Permanent Residence had provincial nominations.
At about this same time last year, only 9% of the people given Invitations to Apply were Express Entry candidates who had Provincial or Territorial Nominations.
The Provincial Nominee Program of Canada endeavors to give every Province and Territory in Canada equivalent opportunity to nominate a specific number of candidates applying for Permanent Residence under the Economic Immigration Program for Permanent Residence every year.
In all the Territories and Provinces where there is an Immigrant Nominee Program, there has to be an immigration Stream that is connected to the Federal Express Entry System. This stream oversees the Federal Skilled Trade Class (FSTC), Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
These candidates who have received a nomination from a province get 600 extra points in their Express Entry ranking score, thus increasing their chances of getting an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence in an Express Entry draw organized by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
It has been induced that the rise in the minimum score for the 2018 Express Entry draw to 440 might be partly as a result of the numerous applicants who already have 600 points from a Provincial Nomination.
In subsequent times, if it happens that so many applicants still get Nomination from provinces, those who score less than the minimum score will have to be working towards getting a Provincial Nomination.
Exponential growth in Provincial Nominee Program
The high rate of issued ITAs to provincial nominee shows the high significance of PNP to the Canadian Government's immigration scheme
. In 2019, the new multi-year immigration plan has set to increase its PNP admission by 6,000, hence admitting 61,000 people in total.
In 2021, it is expected that a total of 71,300 admissions will be made, thereby increasing this year's target by 30%.
The IRCC, when reporting to the Parliament this year stated that the growth which occurred in the PNP was considered exponential from when it was introduced in 1986 having only 233 admissions up to 2017 with 49,724 admissions.
Of all the admissions made last year, precisely 13,531 of them were Express Entry Candidates and members of their families. According to the IRCC, the number had increased from last year by 73%.
How PNP Reshapes Pattern of Settlement in Canada
The exponential growth of the PNP has influenced the mode of settlement outside Canada's major cities which already have an established settlement scheme.
In provinces like Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward, and Saskatchewan, there are existing Nominee Programs linked to Express Entry that are actively in use.
In a report by the IRCC, 34% of all the economic immigrants who came into Canada in 2017 were meant to reside in areas outside British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec. In 1997, this population was just 10%.
Statistics Canada also noticed a similar occurrence and concluded that majority of the economic migrants remain in their initial settlement, even if it is a small city. The study showed that the Economic Principal Applicant (EPA) makes a serious decision when predicting the primary residence of the economic Immigrants as this decision strongly affects their location several years after.
David Cohen of the Campbell Cohen Canadian Immigration law firm stated that Express Entry candidates should be made to have a clear understanding of the country's different Provincial Nominee Programs especially because of their growing standing in Canada's immigration strategy. He also said that people should not be blinded by the dazzles of major cities like Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal, and fail to notice great opportunities that lay untapped in Provinces like Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan.
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