The Canadian Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) has maintained an accurate position as the main economic Immigration Program in Canada as of 2018.
Every year, the PNP allows Territories and Provinces to nominate a specified number of Immigrants from the economic immigration programs to apply for Permanent Residence in Canada.
There is also a portion of the nomination that allows provinces and territories to nominate from the Canada Express Entry System. This type of nomination is called the enhanced Nomination.
When an Express Entry candidate is nominated by a Province or by a Territory, 600 points are automatically added to his or her ranking score. This implies that the chosen candidate has an assurance that he or she would receive an invitation to apply for PR in Canada.
The third form of Nomination is called the base nomination. Here, nominations are made outside the Express Entry System under various provincial nomination streams in Canada.
All the nine provinces and two territories that partook in the 2018 PNP were given a combined allocation of 34,700 nomination slots, which is 1,300 slots above what they got in 2017. It has been estimated that the allocation slots would again be increased this new year, although the number for this year has not yet been released.
The PNP's growth is also visible in the number of applicants who get admitted through the nomination program. This covers both the main applicants (principal candidates) and their family members who are covered by their applications.
According to a 2018 report presented by the I.R.C.C to the Parliament, the PNP has experienced an exponential growth ever since it was created in 1996, having 233 people during its first admission.
Last year, the IRCC aimed at having 55,000 new admissions of Permanent Residents through the Provincial Nominee Program under the multi-year immigration plan. In 2017, the target was set at 51,000 admissions and PNP had its highest admissions that year.
It is estimated that there would be an increase in the number of admissions done this year concerning admissions made last year. The aim is to have 61,000 new Permanent Residents this year, and 71,300 in 2021.
Province of Ontario
Ontario is the most populated province in Canada, and in 2018 it was given the most significant number of PNP allocation slots, 6,600 precisely. Towards the end of the year, the number of slots was increased to 6,850.
Finally, a total of 6,987 invitations were issued last year from the three streams linked to Express Entry in Ontario - the French Speaking Skilled Worker Stream, Human Capital Priorities Stream, and the Skilled Trades Stream.
It is through these three streams that the Program of Ontario Immigrant Nominee
can search for applicants in the Express Entry pool
and invite those who are found eligible under the provincial and Federal eligibility conditions.
Under the French Speaking Skilled Trades Stream, 1,633 invitations were issued to Express Entry applicants, 3,719 were announced through the Human Capital Priorities Stream, and 1,626 more were sent out by the Skilled Trades Stream.
CHANGES AND DEVELOPMENTS
Change in the minimum Comprehensive Ranking Score
A fundamental change that was made last year by the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program in the Human Capital Priorities Stream was the decision to amend the minimum ranking score of 400 points for Express Entry Candidates before being considered for provincial nomination.
According to the OINP, the new minimum score is being set by the director of the program based on the needs of the labor market and the priorities of economic development of the Province.
During the last three draws that occurred in 2018, this change was clearly visible as the minimum ranking score for the Stream of Human Capital Priorities dropped to a meager score of 350 points for those candidates who have an offer of employment in Ontario
. Although it is not required that candidates under the Human Capital Priorities Stream should have an offer of employment in certain sectors or occupations to qualify, the OINP said that those who have would be preferred over those who don't.
Introduction of Streams linked to Express Entry in certain Provinces
The introduction of new streams tied to the Express Entry Stream in Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia was one very significant development in the PNP last year that is most likely to be felt again this year.
One reason why Alberta and Manitoba brought in their Express Entry associated streams was so that it can serve partly be like a revised version of their Nominee Program.
Province of Alberta
In the month of June, Alberta introduced its Express Entry linked Stream, and in less than a month time (6th July precisely) it held its first draw to issue Notifications of Interest (NOI).
Through the Alberta Express Entry Stream, Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program can look for qualified candidates in the Express Entry Pool who have a minimum CRS score of 300 and who satisfy criteria like having jobs that encourage the economic diversification and development goals of Alberta.
If a candidate has a degree from a higher institution in Canada, an offer of employment or work experience in Alberta, or a family member who lives in the province, he or she will be preferentially considered.
Province of Manitoba
Manitoba's Express Entry Stream requires that applicants who wish to apply below this stream must have completed a different Expression of Interest profile with Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program for a start.
The candidates’ profiles would be graded based on the scores they have gotten for factors like age, work experience, education, adaptability to the province and Language proficiency. When a specific number of candidates with the highest scores have been gotten, they will be issued Invitations to apply for Provincial Nomination.
Last year between 11th January to 9th July, the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program has issued out 1,155 invitations to apply for nomination by a province in seven draws.
Province of Nova Scotia
The Labour Market Priorities Stream of Nova Scotia was the 3rd
Express Entry linked Provincial Nominee Program Stream that was created last year.
It is through this stream that the Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) can search for candidates in the Express Entry pool who have worked in certain occupations that are deficient of workers in the province.
According to the NSNP, the professional demands of the Labor market Priorities Stream is subject to change as labor demands are not constant.
There are three Streams of Nova Scotia Immigration which are connected to the Federal Express Entry System. They include; the Labour Market Priorities Stream, Nova Scotia: Experience and Nova Scotia: Demand.
These three streams account for 1,095 or about 80% of all the 1,400 applications that were approved by NSNP last year.
The Saskatchewan Expression of Interest
The Saskatchewan Province converted its Occupation In-demand and International Skilled Workers Express Entry sub-classes to an Expression of Interest System in July. This led to the occurrence of draws at least once every month.
In this Expression of Interest System, a pool of candidates is created for the two sub-categories and places great emphasis on factors like education, work experience, and language proficiency. Their prowess in these attributes determines their scores and ranks in the pool.
The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program
is of the opinion that these factors will tell will on the applicants’ chances of succeeding economically in the province in the future. They said that one of the goals of the EOI system is to secure long term stay in the province and strong economic outcomes for those who have been invited to apply.
Express Entry Applicants who wish to consider Saskatchewan's ISW are required to register a different profile for Expression of Interest with the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program.
Prince Edward Island Revises its Provincial Nominee Program
Prince Edward Island (P.E.I) was one of the provinces that revised its Expression of Interest System last year.
In this province, Express Entry candidates must not necessarily have an offer of employment in the province before they are qualified.
In recent months, the office of Immigration in Prince Edward Island had gone ahead to reach out to Express Entry applicants who had not submitted their EOIs yet but were considered fit for the demands of the province's labor market.
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